E-Governance - Models and Benefits


E-government is the application of information technology and communication in the processes of government to achieve safe and reliable life cycle management of information. Life cycle involves several processes such as information capture, storage, handling and delivery of information. One of the main goals of E-Government is to promote citizen participation in decision making and make government more accountable, transparent and effective.It is convenient and profitable for businesses and the public benefits of easy access to information date available without having to spend time, energy and money to get it.

The term E-Government is widespread as many other neologisms mentioned below

E-administration-This is the term used for the implementation of Information Technology and Communication in the administrative departments acting with his government. This has the objective of using the infinite capacity of information technologies to extend the reach of public administration to citizens past.

E-services "This is the term used to provide all government managed services online. Once all the services that are posted online and people start using these services through the Internet, then going to narrow the gap generated due to religion, region and other factors responsible for the deeply divided society.

E-democracy-via the Internet, people nationwide can interact with politicians and make their voices heard by their representatives. Blogs, forums, communities, and interactive polls to help representatives to discuss the common mentality of the population. There can be no chat rooms that provide direct communication between citizens and political leaders. Examples might include policies on-line information, forums online petition of complaint and e-referendums.

The main delivery models for e-government can be divided into four models of government to citizens or government-to-consumer (G2C), Government-to-Business (G2B), Government to Government G2G), Government-to-Employee (G2E).

E-Government, if often seen as a government to use Internet services to provide better services and improved accessibility of public services. But the concept of e-governance is all but understood by limited Internet access, as there are many non-Internet based e-governance models that can be used in this context.

For example, some of the ways the Internet can not imply

I. Telephone, fax, PDA, SMS text messaging, MMS,

II. Networks and wireless, Bluetooth, CCTV, tracking systems, RFID,

III. Road traffic management and regulation,

IV. ID cards, smart cards polling station technology of television and radio from the provision of government services.

E-Government is a powerful tool to help all types of economies (developed, developing and transition) to bring the benefits of the new global information society for as much of their populations.

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